The psychological parameters used in the sports activity, for selection as well as for preparation make reference to the following aspects from the psychology sphere:
- psychomotility, general and segmentary coordination, kinesthetics, static and dynamic balance, space representation, reaction and repetition speed, etc.
- attention and perception qualities: focus, distribution, stability, etc.;
- willingness qualities: tenaciousness, ambition, perseverance.;
- balance and emotional maturity;
- personality structure: temperament, character, attitudes etc.
A tennis player requires the following:
- strong-balanced temperament;
- stability flexibility;
- a great capacity of attention distribution, of spatial-temporal and sensorial differentiating and appreciating;
- speed and promptness in thinking with a creative mind;
- great combative power, courage, tenacity, intelligence, propensity for the game;
- great adapting capacity, nervous endurance and conquering all the disturbing factors;
- great competition experience, as well as treating the opponent and the game with respect;
- capacity of recovery and taking over psychical and physical effort at short intervals.
In Silviu Zancu’s view, the components of an efficient psychological preparation are as follows: firstly, self-knowledge (once the player becomes acquainted with the efficiency aspects of each shot, of court movement, and of focus skills), establishing the objectives (based on the objectives a preparation programme is built), trust, focus, control, perseverance.
Tennis is a complex sport which triggers deft reactions and fast decision making under pressure. Successful players distinguish themselves from the rest by having a strong motivation, self-confidence, excellent focus capacity, exquisite capacity to relax and control.
Methods and techniques for psychological preparation:
- the method of psychoton training;
- the method of mental training, visualising.
The coach is constantly dealing with the psychological preparation during the training session beginning with the initiation stage. Should problems of greater challenge occur, the trainer will appeal to the help of the psychologist. At the level of the advanced groups, the players will be assessed, kept under observation during the practice sessions and matches by the psychologist who, based on observations and tests, will establish the objectives and a psychological (mental) training programme.
The mission of the sports psychologist is to sustain and guide the child towards performance, and at the same time, to motivate him/her positively towards winning. Sports education is essential for the harmonious and balanced development of the child, and which can lead the child towards a rich place of expansion through skills, motivation, practice and passion.The psychologist brings his/her contribution by configuring differentiated and personalised profiles corollary to the evaluation and psycho-diagnosis for each child in turnings, thus, they can develop their own range of skills according to their resources and personal motivation.