CS Sport 4 Fun Timisoara

Methodic System for Alpine Skiing

The basic technique of alpine skiing include an assembly of technical procedure of variable complexity whose methodic sequencing engenders the acquisition of specific motility skills which allow snow sliding for education or recreation purposes. In order to ensure the balance upon gliding downhill, the ski runner should become familiar with  the variation pressure he/she will perceive at the level of the legs which constitute the basis of balance reflexes. Two main ways of basic teaching are used in terms of traditional methodic orientation nationally and internationally. These two directions distinguish themselves by means of the mechanism of leading the skis and turning: the direct way and the indirect way.

For those with less developed basic motility skills, the indirect way is recommended. The indirect way has at its foundation the unparallel ski technique and alternative (successive) transfer of general centre of gravity, having as technical objective the acquisition of adaptability skills on any kind of surface, with a specific methodic succession which comprises the following:

  • growing accustomed to the skis and the gliding movement;
  • walking on flat ground and climbing a slant;
  • direction changing without advancing;
  • direct downhill;
  • diagonal downhill;
  • breaking at half snow plough and turning by breaking in half snow plough;
  • stem christie turn downhill bringing the parallel position midway through

For those with a higher level of motility skills, the direct way is recommended. The direct way resides in a basic execution technique with parallel skis and simultaneous bray centre transfer. For the direct way, we shall use the following techniques:

  • growing accustomed to the skis and the gliding movement;
  • treading on flat ground and climbing uphill;
  • direction changing without advancing;
  • direct downhill;
  • turning by pivoting the body and stopping by pivoting;
  • gliding over changing slants by adapting;
  • gliding over small bumps through attenuation;
  • breaking by side slipping;
  • stem christie turn down the slope through rotation;

Sliding down a slope making chain dodges with parallel skis represents the objective of all beginner students. Thus, turning used in teaching comprises a number of common elements. In order to trigger them the following is required:

  1. unweighting the skis;
  2. changing the edges;
  3. an impulse.

All turning movement comprise 4 stages:

  1. preparing the turning;
  2. triggering the turning;
  3. leading the skis on the turning curve;
  4. finalising the turning movement.

Factors that favour the ski instruction process:

  • ski material;
  • work field;
  • mechanic means of climbing;
  • teaching methodology, the skills and qualifications of the instructor.

The Ski Lesson.

The lesson represents the basic form of organising the instructive-educational process in order to acquire the ski technique.

The structural mobility of the lesson, as well as its degree of adaptability to the concrete conditions ensures its efficiency.

The course content is determined by the instructive-educational themes and objectives, and it represents the sum of means, organisational and didactic measures selected in view of its carrying into effect.

The structure of the ski lesson represents the sum of all the lesson stages and their sequencing.

The length of the classes on the slope is of 4 hours/day, split into two preparation meetings of 2 hours each with a one-hour lunch break between them.

 Level I-( beginners BLUE)

For the first beginner lessons, two general pedagogic tasks are singled out:

First task: mastering the skis as objects. The beginner student should not feel any difficulty wearing the skis and should get accustomed to them and their qualities.

Second task: forming and developing the capacity to appreciate different sensations at the level of the contact between the legs and the snow by means of wearing the skis.

The beginner skier should be guided to focus his/her attention upon the sensation he/she perceives at the level of the legs. The student should also be taught how to use the support of pushing the skis through snow and confidently reacting on the spot to avoid losing balance.

The two tasks can be accomplished by using a series of helping exercises and some simple ski moving exercises, such as:

  • the alternative lifting of the skis and their moving to the right, to left, up and down;
  • the alternative lifting of the tip of the skis and their moving to the right, to the left without  lifting the tail of the skis from the snow;
  • direction changes from a static position by treading around the tip or the tail of the skis;
  • turning around with a jump and without the support of the poles;
  • walking on skis without poles, by treading over medium-height snow;
  • walking on skis through fresh snow, following the instructor’s trails, constantly changing direction;
  • gliding by simultaneous pole pushing;
  • climbing and descending steps, direct and diagonal downhill;
  • slightly-inclined downhill with occasional stops for speed control on flat ground or counter-slope;
  • downhill while shifting the centre of gravity from one ski to the other, from the tip of the foot to the heel, crouching, and getting up, shifting the centre of gravity from the tip of the foot to the heel to obtain a more duple and balanced position;
  • downhill while surpassing the changes in the slope inclination angle and small bumps;
  • direction changes by pivoting the knees and putting more mass on the external part of the ski.

Level II (Intermediary, RED)

Perfecting the parallel turning.

At this level, increase in the efficiency of the technique becomes the main concern. In this sense, the following objectives should be achieved:

  • perfecting the position of the skis;
  • obtaining a better gliding technique;
  • obtaining independence at the level of the legs;
  • acquiring and perfecting more possibilities of turning;
  • perfecting the edge rolling position by positioning the body correctly;
  • skiing over bumpy slopes;
  • stem christie turn downhill bringing the parallel position of the skis midway through;
  • diagonal downhill;
  • lateral and diagonal skidding;
  • stem christie turn down the hill through rotation;
  • connecting the techniques while skiing through a simple system of gates;
  • the carrying into effect of speed development activities and controlling speed by “dictating” the shape of the turn.
  • consolidating the actions that involve the outside skis- describing the role of these actions;
  • exercises of awareness regarding the sliding of the inside skis in turning;
  • controlled executions of starting, leading, and stopping actions;
  • Sequence of turning in different angles;
  • Repeating the level I exercises destined for diagonal sliding – with a focus on the superior part of the body (positioning for downhill);
  • Repeating the large parallel turn controlling the position of the body and the angle;
  • Introducing the side skidding – exercises – turn slipping;
  • Repeating the parallel turn (carve) to sense the differences between the techniques;
  • Thematic Skiing – controlling the transfer phase, parallel turning sequence;

-Level III (Advanced, BLACK)

perfecting the carve technique and the angulation

  • Shifting the body weight;
  • Diminishing the vertical balance- maintaining a low position in the weight shift;
  • Perfecting the pressure control on the edges (the outside one or both)
  • Angle exercises with pressure control over the outside ski;
  • Introducing the marking of the action only when the turning is consolidated; the marking is different from the traditional one, since the weight shift is done in a low position of the body through transfer and not through vertical balance; special attention is attached to the movement of the arm by eliminating the rotation and changing the trajectory by sliding.
  • Turning sequences with different angles; learning short turning (snaking) determined by the ski taper.
  • Applying the acquired moves in various conditions of uphill and moguls.